An extraction is a procedure where a tooth is removed from the jawbone. In times past, extractions were common in cases of infection or damage. Modern life brought advanced dental care and people now take better care of their teeth, which has made extractions rare. There are situations, such as orthodontic work or impacted wisdom teeth, that may require extractions for optimal results and better oral health.
The Extraction Procedure
There are two different types of extraction procedures. One is Surgical, and the other is Simple. In some cases, a simple extraction may lead to a surgical one.
Before an extraction begins, the dentist will thoroughly numb the nerve and the area around the tooth. A surgical extraction may require the patient to go under general anesthesia. The patient can go home directly after a simple extraction, but a surgical extraction will require a period of observation afterward.
After an extraction, the patient will experience bleeding and pain. The bleeding usually stops within a few hours, but pain may continue for several days. Discomfort can be reduced through the use of over-the-counter pain relievers. The patient should not touch or manipulate the extraction site in any way. A soft diet is recommended for the first 24 hours, and a salt-water rinse may be used starting on the second day. The rinse will reduce bacteria and help the gum to heal. The regular oral health routine may be resumed after one week if the patient is comfortable with it.
While extractions are sometimes necessary, patients should try everything they can to save their teeth. Scheduling a consultation with a dentist will allow a patient to consider all available options and choose the correct procedure for their needs.